Wednesday, August 19, 2015

Construction Cost, India (2015) - How much will home building cost you?

Q: What will be the construction cost to build a G+4 standalone building in India? (Starting: August 2015)

A: INR 1500 per Sq ft. (Includes angry local mobs, contractor's profit and the box of sweets that the contractor gives you, while you sign that MoU and give him the first payment.)

Thank You.

How on earth in India did we figure that out?

First, we went around Kolkata's New Town (had to be a Metro City for the cost to be applicable across India) and shortlisted a few good G+4 standalone buildings. Digging a little deeper led us to the contractors who put together these neat dwelling structures.

Next, we spoke to these contractors and came across a diligent and sorted out man among them who was scheduled to sign a new job soon.

After waiting for almost 3 months, on 17.08.2015, we got a call from him in the morning and witnessed the sign off between contractor and the owners of the land.

So here is the deal in gory details, like never seen before;

Construction Cost Calculation

Construction Schedule - August 17th, 2015 - Construction starts | Delivery in 24(+3) months

Total Covered Area of the building - 10,300 Sq ft (Ten thousand three hundred square feet)

Total Cost from start to finish as per specifications below - "The total cost of Project is INR 1,54,50,000/- (Rupees One Crore Fifty Four Lac and Fifty Thousand only) inclusive of all taxes" - excerpt from signed contract.

Per Square Foot Cost - 1,54,50,000 divided by 10,300 = INR 1500

Specifications of building

Number of Floors - Ground (stilt parking + utilities) + 4 Floors of Residences

Number of apartments per floor - 2. So 4 floors have 8 apartments

Foundation up to Plinth Level -

a) Foundation with M-20 / M 25 grade concrete and Fe-500 grade steel
b) Depth 1500 mm from Ground level or as per sanctioned plan
c) Plinth 150 above ground level or as per plan
d) Brick soling below foundation or as per plan
e) Anti termite treatment in 3 layers
f) 100 thick PCC (1:4:8)


a) RCC structure with M -20 / M-25 grade concrete and Fe-500 grade steel
b) Parking floor ht. — as per sanctioned plan
c) Other floor ht— as per sanctioned plan
d) 200 mm External brick works with cement sand mortar (1:4)
e) 125/75 Internal brick works ceiling with cement sand mortar (1:4) /(1:6)
f) 12 mm thick internal plaster (1:5)
g) 15 mm thick external plaster (1:5) / (1:6)
h) Lift machine room
i) Loft and down slab as per requirement
j) Darwan’s (Security Guard) room, toilet, meter room etc. with 9 nos. parking arrangement

Cement: Ultratech/ Ambuja 
Steel : TEMCO Fe-500 / SRMB / ISI TMT
Stone chips: 3/4”down, 5/8” down free from any slurry and black in color
Sand: Full Coarse for RCC and Medium for others
Bricks : 1st class Preferably 8”x 4”x 4” /10” x 5” x 3” 

Note: Concrete grade Mixture ~ M20 for all structural work except columns which will be M25

Doors -

100 x 62.5 mm Malaysian Sal wood door frames and factory made flush door. 

a) Internal doors: 32 / 35 mm moulded panel type door
(i) Mortice lock with handle (ii) 1 x 250 mm S.S. tower bolt (iii) 1 x door stopper (iv) 1 x rubber buffer
b) Main door: 32 mm Polished teak wood panel design without curvature 
(i) Godrej night latch (ii) 1 pair decorative handle (iii) 1 x 250 mm brass/SS tower bolt (iv) 1 x magic eye (v) 1 x door stopper (vi) 1 x rubber buffer

c) Toilet doors: Moulded panel type door

Windows -

Anodised aluminium sliding windows with 4 mm. colour or tinted glass and M.S. grills

Electrical -

a) Concealed electrical wiring through PVC conduit
b) All switches are Anchor / Northwest / Havells Modular type
c) 8/10 way MCB for all circuits
d) Copper PVC insulated wires—Havells/ Finolex
e) 2 x Main Switches for each flat (Havells)
f) Electrical arrangements for Pump, Lift etc.
g) Number of electrical point in each flat as per contemporary standards
h) Separate circuit for Power (AC, Fridge, Oven, Heater etc.) and Utility (Light, Fan, Bell etc.)
i) Line for camera in each floor, Lift & Ground Lobby/Garage

Other Areas: 2 calling bell points for each flat - one at main door and one on ground floor
Staircase: 1 light point on each landing with a 2 way switch
Car parking/ roof / passage areas - 8 x light points including gate light + 4 x 15A plug sockets

Sanitary and Plumbing - 

a) Concealed U-PVC hot and cold water lines in all toilets in each flat- Make Ashirvad / Supreme.
b) PVC medium pipes for external water lines
c) High density (HDPE) PVC pipes for waste and solid lines
d) PVC 100 mm diameter rain water down pipe
e) C.P. fittings for all toilets in each flat ESSCO/ half turn or quarter turn
f) White vitreous sanitary fittings like normal commode, basin, etc. in each toilet (Parryware/ Hindware)
g) S.S. Sink with cock with extra tap point at kitchen
h) Aqua guard point, washing machine point and dining basin point to be provided at suitable location
i) 1 x basin with pedestal with basin cock with angular stop cock at dining
j) Standard fittings for servants’/darwans’ toilet
k) 6 diameter S.W. line with necessary manholes, master trap etc. 

Toilets -

a) 12” x 8” Glazed wall tiles up to lintel height - Johnson/Orient/ NITCO as per approved color and design. 
b) Floor with anti skid ceramic tile 1’ x 1’ ~ Floor treated with damp proof compound.
c) Toilet fittings; 
All drain points, commode with PVC cistern and seat cover (white), 1 x Basin, 3-in-1 wall mixture with hand shower and O.H. shower (white)
Provision for geyser with stop cocks
1 x mirror, 1 x soap holder & 1 x towel rod and door back hanger hook, floor trap etc. (All stainless steel) 


a) Black/ Ruby red granite cooking platform and in-built fitted stainless steel (SS) sink
b) Flooring similar to living and dining floor
c) Glazed tiles up to 7’ all around
d) Kitchen fittings;
1 x SS single bowl sink with waste pipe, 1 x Sink cock + 1 x tap below sink 
Glazed tiled corner with tap, 1 x small SS sink and provision for washing machine in service balcony of the kitchen. 

Flooring -

a) Vitreous tiles of size 600 x 600 mm/ Marble 2’ x 2’ in rooms, toilet, kitchen etc. (NITCO digital)
Granite top on Kitchen platform, wall tiles 7’0” high on toilet and Kitchen walls subject to approval of the owner.
b) Matching marble floor or otherwise at toilets
c) Marble flooring with acid polish for stair floor and landings
d) Kota stone flooring of approved design in the car parking area
e) Roof tiles over 2 layer water proofing chemical treatment with water proofing paint finish

Common Works -

a) 1 x Underground Reservoir of required capacity 
b) 1 x Overhead Reservoir of required capacity
c) 125 mm thick boundary wall of 1.5 mt ht. with necessary foundation
d) M.S. gates of standard design at front entry
e) Grill gates at main building entry
f) Grill gate at roof entry
g) 3’3” ht. M.S. railing in all balconies with M.S. Top 
h) 3’3” ht. M.S. railing for the stairs

Painting -

a) 2 coat weather coat/ Rain guard/Apex Ultima over primer on exterior surface
b) 2 coat cement primer over wall putty on internal surfaces of each flat
c) 2 coat distemper paint over 2 coat cement primer over wall putty for the car parking area and staircase area
d) All wood and MS grill works will have 2 coat synthetic paint over 2 coat primer. Duco paint or Melamine polish for the main door
e) White wash for lift room and lift well 

Paints -ICI/ Berger/ Asian 

Services -

a) 1 x BE pump with Crompton Motor (2 H.P.) with necessary delivery and suction line
b) Water line from municipal supply to Underground Reservoir
c) Calling bell from main gate to Darwan’s room 
d) 4 passengers lift (Telescopic door) with necessary license from reputed company


Hope that helps.


The @IREFD Team


  1. Sir,
    After reading ur article it is quite understandable the cost required to build a house.
    I have few questions here on cost estimate if the following is also taken care of:
    1. If The outer walls is made of hollow bricks? I dont know if it is available in kolkata or not. If not can we add a 20 mm fillerblock in totalof 200mm wall?
    2. What will be the cost implementation of water proofing all toilets and kitchen walls and floor?
    3. What about adding a filler block in roof of the building? It will reduce the weight and heat transfer will be less.


  2. I want construct 200 sq meter with all material give me rate for 1 sq meter . For single story building .


  3. I have land in Chennai with 3100sqft.i want to sell it. That area ground value is Rs. 7000 per soft. If I go for JJ what will be the construction cost

  4. For a construction of 8slab room how much money I need?

  5. Building a home in these is much much expensive than other thing.

  6. Good work man. Thanks for this info sharing. I don't know about others. It will help me in some of my works. Thanks.

  7. You can greatly lower the costs and durability of the building if its based on modern construction methods with steel beam structure.
    I am a civil engineer with 15years of experience in construction and fabrication. Feel free to contact me for a estimate of your is absolutely

    1. Hi Siddharth,

      How much it can cost to build a G+20 luxury residential tower with pile foundation, Marble at GF & lift lobby, mirror finish in lift, Marble in typical floor corridor, marbonite tyles in room, Jacquire accessories in toilets, kitchen etc. Floor area 5000 sqft. So BuA/tower is 100000 sqft. Plz provide me a rough estimate.. Thannks

  8. I have purchased 1RK + terrace flat on 2003 @4,70,000₹ in Navi Mumbai. Area is 244 carpet & 132 as terrace / balcony. I want to know the construction cost of my flat on year 2003. Pls advice.

  9. That is one elaborate calculation. Now I realize the costing behind building a house. Again the costs may vary from region to region depending on the supply of raw materials and cheap labor.

  10. I wanna build 2 1bkh homes.within 2 cents ..what the estimation cost

  11. I want to build a low cost home with 40*60 site, how much minimum money has to keep.

  12. Superb. I really enjoyed very much with this article here. Really it is an amazing article I had ever read. I hope it will help a lot for all. Thank you so much for this amazing posts and please keep update like this excellent article.thank you for sharing such a great blog with us. expecting for your.
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  14. Hello sir,
    I read your interesting research. Sir please help to work out rate/sqft
    1. 3xroom (12x13ft)
    2. 2 Nos bath/toilet
    3. 1x dinning
    4. 1xkitchen (6x8ft)
    5. staircase (6x10ft)
    6. 1x small verandah
    6. area 1300sqft
    1. foot column and beam upto floor
    2. 10" wall
    3. pcc floor
    4. height footing to Ground 3ft, ground to floor-1.5ft and floor to roof 10 ft
    5. plain ground

  15. Great article, thanks for sharing. Keep going.

  16. dear sir, How many floor can i build if there is 2000 sq ft. land in city

  17. We mentioned different types of floors above. Some of them are the conventional floors, whereas there are some others that are the modern innovations. But, in all these flooring types, the conventional methods are more or less used. Low Profile Floor